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Background: To compare the efficacy and safety of gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy (GATT) and Kahook Dual Blade (KDB) excisional goniotomy in patients with uncontrolled juvenile open-angle glaucoma (JOAG). Methods: Thirty-three patients (46 eyes) were included in this single-center, retrospective, comparative study and treated with GATT (36 eyes) or KDB goniotomy (13 eyes). Intraocular pressure (IOP), number of glaucoma medications, adverse events, and additional anti-glaucoma procedures were collected during pre- and postoperative visits. Surgical success was defined as 6 mmHg ≤ IOP ≤ 18 mmHg and ≥ 20% IOP reduction from baseline with (partial success) or without (complete success) IOP-lowering medications. Results: The mean ± SD preoperative IOP was 30.48 ± 12.9 mmHg and 26.08 ± 13.1 mmHg (P = 0.164) on 3.71 ± 0.46 and 3.08 ± 0.86 (P = 0.023) glaucoma medications in GATT and KDB group, respectively. At 3 months, the mean ± SD IOP was 15.48 ± 5.93 mmHg and 20.0 ± 10.8 mmHg after GATT and KDB, respectively (P = 0.072). The percentage of IOP lowering from baseline was 44.4 in the GATT group and 14.1 in the KDB group (P = 0.011). The mean reduction in medications was 2.6 ± 1.7 and 0.8 ± 1.2 three months after GATT and KDB, respectively (P < 0.001). Cumulative proportion of partial and complete success were 65.6 and 44.7% in the GATT group, 30.8 and 15.4% in the KDB group at 6 months. Additional procedures were required in 13.9% of cases after GATT and in 61.5% after KDB (P = 0.001). Patients in the GATT group with prior anti-glaucoma procedures and postoperative IOP spikes were more likely to fail, while those with complete trabeculotomy had a better prognosis. Conclusions: Reduction of IOP and medications were greater after GATT in uncontrolled JOAG eyes. Whereas, more additional IOP-lowering procedures were required after KDB goniotomy. Trial registration: This study was registered under the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000034172, 27/06/2020).
Qiao, Y., Tan, C., Chen, X., Sun, X., & Chen, J. (2021). Gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy versus goniotomy with Kahook dual blade in patients with uncontrolled juvenile open-angle glaucoma: a retrospective study. BMC Ophthalmology, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12886-021-02159-z
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