A study on sexual dimorphism in Hepatus pudibundus (Herbst, 1785) was performed using geometric morphometrics. The carapace of 28 males and 30 females and the left and right cheliped propodus of 22 males and 26 females were analyzed. Thirteen landmarks were established in the carapace and 10 in the cheliped propodus. A Generalized Procrustes Analysis based on landmark configurations was used to separate the components of size and shape. A Student t-test was used to determine the statistically significant sexual dimorphism of the carapace and the cheliped propodus. The variation in the shape of the structures was evaluated with a discriminant analysis. There was sexual dimorphism in the analyzed structures. Males were smaller than females. The carapace of females was larger in the posterior region than in males, indicating an expansion of the area for accommodation of the egg mass. The fixed finger of the cheliped propodus of females is more posteriorly arched that can be used to facilitate the cleaning of eggs laid in the abdominal chamber. Our results provide new information about the development of sexual secondary characters and their eff ects on the shape of the carapace and the cheliped propodus in males and females of H. pudibundus.
Marochi, M. Z., Trevisan, A., Gomes, F. B., & Masunari, S. (2016). Dimorfismo sexual em Hepatus pudibundus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura). Iheringia - Serie Zoologia, 106. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-4766e2016003