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Background: To assess whether CT-derived texture features predict survival in patients undergoing resection for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: Thirty patients with pre-operative CT from 2007 to 2012 for PDAC were included. Tumor size and five texture features namely uniformity, entropy, dissimilarity, correlation, and inverse difference normalized were calculated. Mann-Whitney rank sum test was used to compare tumor with normal pancreas. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis, Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier tests were used to assess association of texture features with overall survival (OS). Results: Uniformity (p < 0.001), entropy (p = 0.009), correlation (p < 0.001), and mean intensity (p < 0.001) were significantly different in tumor regions compared to normal pancreas. Tumor dissimilarity (p = 0.045) and inverse difference normalized (p = 0.046) were associated with OS whereas tumor intensity (p = 0.366), tumor size (p = 0.611) and other textural features including uniformity (p = 0.334), entropy (p = 0.330) and correlation (p = 0.068) were not associated with OS. Conclusion: CT-derived PDAC texture features of dissimilarity and inverse difference normalized are promising prognostic imaging biomarkers of OS for patients undergoing curative intent surgical resection.
Eilaghi, A., Baig, S., Zhang, Y., Zhang, J., Karanicolas, P., Gallinger, S., … Haider, M. A. (2017). CT texture features are associated with overall survival in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma - a quantitative analysis. BMC Medical Imaging, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12880-017-0209-5