Factors associated with gestational weight gain: A cross-sectional survey

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to describe the dietary patterns in pregnant women and determine the association between diet factors, pre-pregnancy body mass index, socio-demographic characteristics and gestational weight gain. Methods: The analysis was conducted on a group of 458 women. Cut-off values of gestational weight gain adequacy were based on recommendations published by the US Institute of Medicine and were body mass index-specific. Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the risk of the occurrence of inadequate or excessive gestational weight gain. Dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis. Results: Three dietary patterns characteristic of pregnant women in Poland were identified: 'unhealthy', 'varied' and 'prudent'. The factor associated with increased risk of inadequate gestational weight gain was being underweight pre-pregnancy (OR = 2.61; p = 0.018). The factor associated with increased risk of excessive weight gain were being overweight or obese pre-pregnancy (OR = 7.00; p = 0.031) and quitting smoking (OR = 7.32; p = 0.019). The risk of excessive weight gain was decreased by being underweight pre-pregnancy (OR = 0.20; p = 0.041), being in the third or subsequent pregnancy compared to being in the first (OR = 0.37; p = 0.018), and having a high adherence to a prudent dietary pattern (OR = 0.47; p = 0.033). Conclusions: Women who were overweight or obese pre-pregnancy and those who quit smoking at the beginning of pregnancy should be provided with dietary guidance to prevent excessive gestational weight gain.

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Suliga, E., Rokita, W., Adamczyk-Gruszka, O., Pazera, G., Cieśla, E., & Głuszek, S. (2018, December 3). Factors associated with gestational weight gain: A cross-sectional survey. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. BioMed Central Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-018-2112-7

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