Fatores sociodemográficos e ocupacionais associados à síndrome de burnout em profissionais de enfermagem

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Abstract

This survey research aimed to investigate the prevalence of the Burnout syndrome in nursing professionals of a hospital and Basic Health Units, comparing it among the three professional categories (nurses, nursing technicians and nursing assistants) and types of services, and to identify socio-demographic and occupational factors associated with its occurrence. The sample was composed of 116 professionals, between 21 and 60 years old (M = 37.26 years; SD = 8.56), of both genders, from a medium-sized city of Minas Gerais, who fulfill the Maslach Burnout Inventory and the socio-demographic and occupational questionnaire. There was a high prevalence of the syndrome (47%) and a large number of workers at risk of illness (between 41% and 49% of the sample according to the dimension of Burnout). There were no significant differences between the professional categories and workplaces. The occupational variables "relationship problems with co-workers" (OR = 3) and "non-satisfaction with the job" (OR = 11) were the syndrome predictors (p < .05). The socio-demographic variables were not significant. This study contributes to the discussion about Burnout developing process among nursing professionals, helping to plan preventive measures of occupational diseases and intervention programs in health services.

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Campos, I. C. M., Angélico, A. P., De Oliveira, M. S., & De Oliveira, D. C. R. (2015). Fatores sociodemográficos e ocupacionais associados à síndrome de burnout em profissionais de enfermagem. Psicologia: Reflexao e Critica, 28(4), 764–771. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-7153.201528414

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