The effects of chelating agents on heavy metal activation in Cd- and Pb-contaminated soils were studied through a dynamic activation experiment. An evaluation method for the measuring comprehensive suitability of chelating agent was established by calculating indexes for the degree of activation effect suitability and activated heavy metals’ half-life suitability. The following results were obtained: in Cd- and Pb-contaminated soils, heavy metal activation effects reached or approached maximum activating effects within 1 d and subsequently showed different levels of decline in all chelating agent treatment conditions. Declines in activation effects similarly subjected to the law of exponents over time and to the goodness of fit in DTPA, NTA, and GLDA ranged from 0.80 to 0.98. For Cd- and Pb-contaminated soils, chelating agents' levels of comprehensive suitability (H) were recorded as follows: NTA(1.40) > GLDA(1.31) > DTPA(1.14) > EDTA(1.00) > EDDS(0.14) > CA(0.06) and GLDA(1.56) > DTPA(1.48) > EDTA(1.00) > NTA(0.78) > EDDS(0.26) > CA (0.02). GLDA and DTPA are both suitable for Cd and Pb phytoextraction. Moreover, NTA and GLDA are optimal chelating agents for Cd and Pb phytoextraction, respectively.
Mai, X., Luo, D., Wei, L., Liu, Y., Huang, X., Wu, Q., … Liu, L. (2019). Evaluation method for the measuring comprehensive suitability of chelating agents: a study of the temporal dynamics of heavy metal activation. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 21(14), 1415–1422. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2019.1633262
Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.