Social support of people with HIV/AIDS: the Social Determinants of Health Model

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the social support of people with HIV/AIDS from the perspective of the Social Determinants of Health Model. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2015 in an infectious disease outpatient clinic. The sample was made up of 116 people with HIV/AIDS. The data was collected through interviews, using a sociodemographic form and a social support scale. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, and Student's t-tests and Mann-Whitney tests were performed to determine the association between social support and the social determinants of health. RESULTS: Total social support was satisfactory, emotional support was influenced by smoking (p=0.0432) and instrumental support, by the number of people in the household (p=0.0003). The main source of instrumental and emotional support was relatives living outside the household, corresponding to 66.7% and 56.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: It was found that smokers havelower emotional support and people living alone received less instrumental support.

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Santos, V. da F., Pedrosa, S. C., Aquino, P. de S., Lima, I. C. V. de, Cunha, G. H. da, & Galvão, M. T. G. (2018). Social support of people with HIV/AIDS: the Social Determinants of Health Model. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 71, 625–630. https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2017-0346

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