Social support of people with HIV/AIDS: the Social Determinants of Health Model

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OBJECTIVE: To analyze the social support of people with HIV/AIDS from the perspective of the Social Determinants of Health Model. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in 2015 in an infectious disease outpatient clinic. The sample was made up of 116 people with HIV/AIDS. The data was collected through interviews, using a sociodemographic form and a social support scale. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, and Student's t-tests and Mann-Whitney tests were performed to determine the association between social support and the social determinants of health. RESULTS: Total social support was satisfactory, emotional support was influenced by smoking (p=0.0432) and instrumental support, by the number of people in the household (p=0.0003). The main source of instrumental and emotional support was relatives living outside the household, corresponding to 66.7% and 56.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: It was found that smokers havelower emotional support and people living alone received less instrumental support.




Santos, V. da F., Pedrosa, S. C., Aquino, P. de S., Lima, I. C. V. de, Cunha, G. H. da, & Galvão, M. T. G. (2018). Social support of people with HIV/AIDS: the Social Determinants of Health Model. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 71, 625–630.

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