Quality of life in patients with CRB1-associated retinal dystrophies: A longitudinal study

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Abstract

Purpose: To assess the longitudinal vision-related quality of life among patients with CRB1-associated inherited retinal dystrophies. Methods: In this longitudinal questionnaire study, the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire (39 items, NEI VFQ-39) was applied at baseline, two-year follow-up, and 4-year follow-up in patients with pathogenic CRB1 variants. [Correction added on 20 November 2023, after first online publication: The preceding sentence has been updated in this version.] Classical test theory was performed to obtain subdomain scores and in particular ‘near activities’ and ‘total composite’ scores. The Rasch analysis based on previous calibrations of the NEI VFQ-25 was applied to create visual functioning and socio-emotional subscales. Results: In total, 22 patients with a CRB1-associated retinal dystrophy were included, […] with a median age of 25.0 years (interquartile range: 13–31 years) at baseline and mean follow-up of 4.0 ± 0.3 years. [Correction added on 20 November 2023, after first online publication: The preceding sentence has been updated in this version.] A significant decline at 4 years was observed for ‘near activities’ (51.0 ± 23.8 vs 35.4 ± 14.7, p = 0.004) and ‘total composite’ (63.0 ± 13.1 vs 52.0 ± 12.1, p = 0.001) subdomain scores. For the Rasch-scaled scores, the ‘visual functioning’ scale significantly decreased after 2 years (−0.89 logits; p = 0.012), but not at 4-year follow-up (+0.01 logits; p = 0.975). [Correction added on 20 November 2023, after first online publication: In the preceding sentence, “…after 4 years…” has been corrected to “…after 2 years…” in this version.] The ‘socio-emotional’ scale also showed a significant decline after 2 years (−0.78 logits, p = 0.033) and 4 years (−0.83 logits, p = 0.021). Conclusion: In the absence of an intervention, a decline in vision-related quality of life is present in patients with pathogenic CRB1 variants at 4-year follow-up. Patient-reported outcome measures should be included in future clinical trials, as they can be a potential indicator of disease progression and treatment efficacy.

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Karuntu, J. S., Nguyen, X. T. A., Talib, M., van Schooneveld, M. J., Wijnholds, J., van Genderen, M. M., … Boon, C. J. F. (2024). Quality of life in patients with CRB1-associated retinal dystrophies: A longitudinal study. Acta Ophthalmologica, 102(4), 469–477. https://doi.org/10.1111/aos.15769

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