Influence of temperature on development, reproduction and regeneration in the flatworm model organism, Macrostomum lignano

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Abstract

Background: The free-living marine flatworm Macrostomum lignano is a powerful model organism for use in studying mechanisms of regeneration and stem cell regulation due to its combination of biological and experimental properties, including the availability of transgenesis methods, which is unique among flatworm models. However, due to its relatively recent introduction in research, many aspects of this animal's biology remain unknown. One such question is the influence of culture temperature on Macrostomum biology. Results: We systematically investigated how different culture temperatures affect development time, reproduction rate, regeneration, heat shock response, and gene knockdown efficiency by RNA interference (RNAi) in M. lignano. We used marker transgenic lines to accurately measure the regeneration endpoint, and to establish the stress response threshold for temperature shock. We found that compared to the culture temperature of 20 °C commonly used for M. lignano, temperatures of 25 °C-30 °C substantially increase the speed of development and regeneration, lead to faster manifestation of RNAi phenotypes, and increase reproduction rate without detectable negative consequences for the animal, while temperatures above 30 °C elicit a heat shock response. Conclusions: We show that altering temperature conditions can be used to reduce the time required to establish M. lignano cultures, perform RNAi experiments, store important lines, and optimize microinjection procedures for transgenesis. These findings will help to optimize the design of experiments in M. lignano, and thus facilitate future research using this model organism.

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Wudarski, J., Ustyantsev, K., Glazenburg, L., & Berezikov, E. (2019). Influence of temperature on development, reproduction and regeneration in the flatworm model organism, Macrostomum lignano. Zoological Letters, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40851-019-0122-6

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