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Planning the artificial pollination of agricultural crops requires knowledge of the floral biology and reproductive system of the crop in question. Many studies have shown that rapeseed (Brassica napus Linnaeus) is self-compatible and self-pollinated, but its productivity may be increased by insect visitation. In the present study, the floral biology and the response of productivity to insect visitation of two rapeseed cultivars (Hyola 420 and Hyola 61) were analyzed and compared in three regions of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The rapeseed flowers presented three stages during anthesis, with the time periods varying between the cultivars. Both cultivars are self-compatible, but free visitation of insects increased productivity by 17% in the Hyola 420 cultivar and by approximately 30% in the Hyola 61 cultivar. Therefore, it is concluded that the cultivar Hyola 61 is more dependent on insect pollination than Hyola 420.
Blochtein, B., Nunes-Silva, P., Halinski, R., Lopes, L. A., & Witter, S. (2014). Estudo comparativo da biologia floral e da resposta da produtividade à visita por insetos em duas cultivares de canola (Brassica napus L.) no Rio Grande do Sul. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 74(4), 787–794. https://doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.02213
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