INTRODUCTION: The Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28) and its versions have been used to measure rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity, but there is no consensus about which one is the best.OBJECTIVES: Determine the correlation among indexes (DAS28 ESR, DAS28 CRP, SDAI and CDAI) and evaluate agreement of activity strata using different cutoff points.METHODS: Rheumatoid arthritis patients were cross-sectionally evaluated with data collection to calculate the DAS28 (ESR and CRP), SDAI and CDAI, using different cut-offs for defining remission, mild, moderate and high activity. Pearson correlations were calculated for continuous measures and agreement (kappa test) for the strata (remission, mild, moderate and high activity).RESULTS: Of 111 patients included, 108 were women, age 55.6 years, 11-year disease duration. DAS28 (ESR) was significantly higher than DAS28 (CRP) (4.0 vs. 3.5; p<0.001) and the values remained higher after stratification by age, gender, disease duration, rheumatoid factor and HAQ. Correlations among indexes ranged from 0.84 to 0.99, with better correlation between SDAI and CDAI. Agreements among activity strata ranged from 46.8% to 95.8%. DAS28 (CRP) with cut-off point for the remission of 2.3 underestimated disease activity by 45.8% compared with DAS28 (ESR). SDAI and CDAI showed agreement of 95.8%. The four indexes were associated with disease duration and HAQ.CONCLUSIONS: Although the activity indexes show good correlation, they show discrepancies in activity strata, thus requiring more researches to define a better index and better cutoff points.
Medeiros, M. M. das C., Oliveira, B. M. G. B. de, Cerqueira, J. V. M. de, Quixadá, R. T. de S., & Oliveira, Í. M. X. de. (2015). Correlação dos índices de atividade da artrite reumatoide (Disease Activity Score 28 medidos com VHS, PCR, Simplified Disease Activity Index e Clinical Disease Activity Index) e concordância dos estados de atividade da doença com vários pontos de corte numa população do nordeste brasileiro. Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia, 55(6), 477–484. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rbr.2014.12.005