This article is free to access.
The preceding propagation of turbulence pulses has been observed for the first time in heat avalanche events during the collapse of the electron internal transport barrier (e-ITB) in the Large Helical Device. The turbulence and heat pulses are generated near the foot of the e-ITB and propagate to the peripheral region within a much shorter time than the diffusion timescale. The propagation speed of the turbulence pulse is approximately 10 km/s, which is faster than that of the heat pulse propagating at a speed of 1.5 km/s. The heat pulse propagates at approximately the same speed as that in the theoretical prediction, whereas the turbulence pulse propagates one order of magnitude faster than that in the prediction, thereby providing important insights into the physics of non-local transport.
Kenmochi, N., Ida, K., Tokuzawa, T., Yasuhara, R., Funaba, H., Uehara, H., … Igami, H. (2022). Preceding propagation of turbulence pulses at avalanche events in a magnetically confined plasma. Scientific Reports, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-022-10499-z