Screening of efficient arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for Azadirachta indica under nursery condition: A step towards afforestation of semi-arid region of western India

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Abstract

To optimize nursery practices for efficient plant production procedures and to keep up to the ever growing demand of seedlings, identification of the most suitable species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), specific for a given tree species, is clearly a necessary task. Sixty days old seedlings of Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) raised in root trainers were inoculated with six species of AMF and a mixed inoculum (consortia) and kept in green house. Performances of the treatments on this tree species were evaluated in terms of growth parameters like plant height shoot collar diameter, bio-mass and phosphorous uptake capabilities. Significant and varied increase in the growth parameters and phosphorous uptake was observed for most of the AMF species against control. Consortia culture was found to be the best suited AMF treatment for A.indica, while Glomus intraradices and Glomus mosseae were the best performing single species cultures. It is the first time in the state of Gujarat that a wide variety of AMF species, isolated from the typical semi-arid region of western India, were tested for the best growth performance with one of the most important tree species for the concerned region. © 2013, Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia.

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Banerjee, K., Gadani, M. H., Srivastava, K. K., Verma, N., Jasrai, Y. T., & Jain, N. K. (2013). Screening of efficient arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for Azadirachta indica under nursery condition: A step towards afforestation of semi-arid region of western India. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 44(2), 587–593. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1517-83822013005000046

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