The outcome of assisted reproductive techniques among couples with male factors at prince khalid bin sultan fertility centre, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Thirty-three percent of infertility due to paternal factors, there are an increasing proportion of couples who decide to conceive by assisted reproductive techniques (ART). The outcome prediction is pivotal for decision making. AIM: We aimed to study the pregnancy outcomes of different ART with male factors infertility. METHODS: This is retrospective cross-sectional study conducted at Tabuk, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. One hundred fifteen patients’ records reviewed using a structured checklist to collect demographic data, sperm (concentration, motility, and morphology). Female with significant infertility factor were excluded. Chi-square was used for the outcome of various ART. RESULTS: Out of 115 couples with male factors; treated by Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI), In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Intrauterine Insemination (IUI); the mean age was 35.2 ± 6.3 years for men and 29.7 ± 5.1 for females. IVF had the highest success rate overall and had a high pregnancy rate with oligospermia and asthenospermia. ICSI has a good outcome for those with azoospermia, severe oligospermia, and teratozoospermia. IUI must be tried as a first line treatment when semen concentration is more than 10 million sperm/ml. all are not significant (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: No significant differences were reported in the pregnancy outcome between various assisted reproductive techniques, smoking, type of infertility and medication.

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Mukhtar, H. B., Shaman, A., Mirghani, H. O., & Almasalmah, A. A. (2017). The outcome of assisted reproductive techniques among couples with male factors at prince khalid bin sultan fertility centre, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences, 5(5), 603–607. https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2017.102

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