Widespread choroidal thickening and abnormal midperipheral fundus autofluorescence characterize exudative age-related macular degeneration with choroidal vascular hyperpermeability

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Abstract

Design: Retrospective comparative study. Participants: Forty-eight consecutive patients attending the outpatient clinic of Tokyo University Hospital between May 2013 and July 2013. Methods: The presence or absence of CVH was determined with indocyanine green angiography performed at the latest visit. When CVH was observed, the eye was categorized as CVH(+) AMD, otherwise it was categorized as CVH(–) AMD. Using high-penetration optical coherence tomography, we measured choroidal thickness at the fovea and at four midperipheral areas (mean choroidal thickness at points on 6- and 9-papilla diameter circles superior, inferior, temporal, and nasal to the fovea). Ultrawide field retinal imaging was used to investigate abnormalities in midperipheral fundus autofluorescence (FAF). Choroidal thickness and the proportion of FAF abnormalities were compared between the CVH(+) AMD and CVH(–) AMD eyes and between eyes with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy and typical AMD. Multiple regression analysis was used to control for treatment history and other characteristics. Results: CVH was observed in 17 cases. Choroidal thickness was higher in the CVH(+) AMD eyes than in the CVH(–) AMD eyes at the fovea (325 μm versus 229 μm, respectively; P=0.0010, t -test), superior point (277 μm versus 215 μm, respectively; P=0.0021, t -test), inferior point (225 μm versus 161 μm, respectively; P=0.0002, t -test), and nasal point (202 μm versus 165 μm, respectively; P=0.042, t -test). The significance was maintained after controlling for possible confounders. The choroid was thicker at the fovea and at the inferior point in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy than in typical AMD. The rate of midperipheral FAF abnormality was significantly higher in the CVH(+) AMD eyes than in the CVH(–) AMD eyes (82% versus 48%, respectively; P=0.031). Conclusion: AMD with CVH is associated with widespread choroidal thickening and peripheral FAF abnormalities. Purpose: To investigate the clinical fndings that characterize exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with choroidal vascular hyperpermeability (CVH).

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Nomura, Y., Takahashi, H., Tan, X., Obata, R., & Yanagi, Y. (2015). Widespread choroidal thickening and abnormal midperipheral fundus autofluorescence characterize exudative age-related macular degeneration with choroidal vascular hyperpermeability. Clinical Ophthalmology, 9, 297–304. https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S78210

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