Construction and validation of an educational technology for the prevention of congenital syphilis

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Abstract

Objective: To construct and validate the educational booklet entitled “How to prevent the transmission of syphilis from mother to child? Let’s learn!”. Methods: Methodological, quasi-experimental study conducted according to the following steps: development of the educational booklet; face and content validation with 22 judges and 11 women diagnosed with syphilis during pregnancy; and evaluation of the effects on the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of 41 pregnant women before and after reading the educational booklet. Results: The booklet was submitted to face and content validation with an Overall Content Validity Index (CVI) of 0.96, a total Cronbach’s alpha of 0.955. The validation of judges by the Suitability Assessment of Materials was considered “superior”. As for validation by the target audience, it obtained 100% concordance and an overall CVI of 1.00. According to the Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) test, reading was considered Very Easy or Easy. There was an increase in the percentage of women classified as having appropriate knowledge, attitude and practice after reading the booklet. This change in practice was statistically significant (p=0.002), demonstrating that reading the educational booklet proved to be effective in promoting behavioral changes. Conclusion: The material constructed is reliable and validated by specialists and the target audience and effective in promoting the improvement of the KAP of pregnant women with the aim to prevent vertical transmission of syphilis.

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da Costa, C. C., de Souza Gomes, L. F., Rocha Teles, L. M., Mendes, I. C., Batista Oriá, M. O., & de Castro Damascen, A. K. (2020). Construction and validation of an educational technology for the prevention of congenital syphilis. ACTA Paulista de Enfermagem, 33. https://doi.org/10.37689/ACTA-APE/2020AO00286

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