Vulvar cancer staging: guidelines of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR)

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Abstract

Objective: The aim of the Female Pelvic Imaging Working Group of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR) was to develop imaging staging guidelines for vulvar cancer and to propose standardised MRI protocols and reporting. Methods: The guidelines recommended from the ESUR in this article resulted from a questionnaire analysis regarding imaging staging of vulvar cancer that was answered by all members of the Female Pelvic Imaging Working Group. Only the answers with an agreement equal to or more than 80% were considered. Additionally, the literature was reviewed to complement and further support our conclusions. Results: The critical review of the literature and consensus obtained among experts allows for recommendations regarding imaging staging guidelines, patient preparation, MRI protocol, and a structured MRI report. Conclusions: Standardising image acquisition techniques and MRI interpretation reduces ambiguity and ultimately improves the contribution of radiology to the staging and management of patients with vulvar cancer. Moreover, structured reporting assists with the communication of clinically relevant information to the referring physician.

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Nikolić, O., Sousa, F. A. e., Cunha, T. M., Nikolić, M. B., Otero-García, M. M., Gui, B., … Nikolic, O. (2021). Vulvar cancer staging: guidelines of the European Society of Urogenital Radiology (ESUR). Insights into Imaging, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13244-021-01075-6

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