Prevalence of bullying and associated factors among brazilian schoolchildren in 2015

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Abstract

This study analyzed the prevalence of bullying and associated factors among Brazilian schoolchildren using data produced by the 2015 National School Health Survey (PeNSE, acronym in Portuguese) consisting of a national sample of 102,301 eighth grade students. The prevalence of bullying was calculated and bivariate analysis was performed using a 95% confidence level to determine the association between victimization and socio-demographic variables and other variables relating to family background, mental health, and risk behaviors. Multivariate analysis was then conducted using the biologically plausible variables of interest. For the final model, variables that obtained p-values of < 0.05 were maintained. The prevalence of bullying was found to be 7.4%. The results of the multivariate analysis showed that boys aged 13 years studying in public schools who worked and whose mother did not have any schooling were more likely to be bullied, as were schoolchildren who felt lonely, had no friends, suffered from insomnia, skipped lessons without parental permission, and who smoked. Victims of bullying were predominantly 13-year-olds from an unfavorable social and family background, painting a picture of vulnerability that calls for support from social protection networks, schools and families alike.

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APA

Malta, D. C., Mello, F. C. M. D., Prado, R. R. D., Nogueira De Sá, A. C. M. G., Marinho, F., Pinto, I. V., … Silva, M. A. I. (2019). Prevalence of bullying and associated factors among brazilian schoolchildren in 2015. Ciencia e Saude Coletiva, 24(4), 1359–1368. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232018244.15492017

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