Toxoplasma gondii in wild and domestic animals from New Caledonia

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Abstract

Samples (serum or meat juice) collected from 205 animals in New Caledonia in April 2009 were tested for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii by ELISA using the multi-species ID Screen® Toxoplasmosis Indirect kit (IDVET, Montpellier). Antibodies to T. gondii were detected in 2 % (1/49) of the pigs, in 3.3 % (1/30) of the cattle, in 13.8 % (4/29) of Rusa deers, in 16 % (4/25) of the horses, in 32.8 % (21/64) of the dogs, and in 50 % (4/8) of cats. Statistically, no significant difference was observed between T. gondii seroprevalence and age or sex. No survey on the prevalence of T. gondii in animals has ever been conducted in New Caledonia and this is the first serological evidence of T. gondii in Rusa deer (Cervus timorensis russa). These results indicate an important circulation of T. gondii exists in the animal populations of New Caledonia. In view of humans being exposed, it is advisable to insist on sanitary education and on respect for good hygienic and food practice.

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Roqueplo, C., Halos, L., Cabre, O., & Davoust, B. (2011). Toxoplasma gondii in wild and domestic animals from New Caledonia. Parasite, 18(4), 345–348. https://doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2011184345

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