Climate change has the potential to impact coastal ecosystems in multiple ways, altering human exposure to water-related contaminants that can cause illness. The main groups of relevance to water-related illnesses in the UK marine environment are toxin-producing phytoplankton and pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
Bresnan, E., Baker-Austin, C., Campos, C. J. A., Davidson, K., Edwards, M., Hall, A., … Turner, A. D. (2020). Impacts of climate change on human health, HABs and bathing waters, relevant to the coastal and marine environment around the UK. MCCIP Science Review 2020 (pp. 521–545). Retrieved from http://www.mccip.org.uk/media/2025/22_human_health_harmful_species_2020.pdf