Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and its associated factors among hospital and community populations in Lambayeque, Peru

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Abstract

Introduction: Toxoplasmosis is a zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii. This study investigated the prevalence and factors associated with toxoplasmosis among pregnant women. Methods: We followed an analytical observational study. From July 2016 to June 2017, 218 pregnant women were selected. The infection was detected through serological dosage of anti-T.gondii Immunoglobulin(Ig) M and IgG antibodies. Results: The seroprevalence was 35.8%; the factors associated with infection were consumption of non-drinking water, residence in an urban area, and threatened abortion during the current pregnancy. Conclusions: The seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis among pregnant women is high. The risk factors are dependent on environmental determinants.

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Silva-Díaz, H., Arriaga-Deza, E. V., Failoc-Rojas, V. E., Alarcón-Flores, Y. R., Rojas-Rojas, S. Y., Becerra-Gutiérrez, L. K., … Silva-García, T. (2020). Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and its associated factors among hospital and community populations in Lambayeque, Peru. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 53. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0164-2019

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