A new toothless pterosaur (Pterodactyloidea) from southern Brazil with insights into the paleoecology of a cretaceous desert

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Abstract

The first pterosaur bone bed from Brazil was reported in 2014 at the outskirts of the town Cruzeiro do Oeste, Paraná State, in the Southern region of the country. here named `cemitério dos pterossauros´ site, these outcrops were referred to the Goio-Erê Formation (Turonian-Campanian) of the Caiuá Group (Bauru Basin) and revealed the presence of hundreds of isolated or partially articulated elements of the tapejarine pterosaur Caiuajara and fewer amounts of a theropod dinosaur. here we present a new tapejaromorph flying reptile from this site, Keresdrakon vilsoni gen. et sp. nov., which shows a unique blunt ridge on the dorsal surface of the posterior end of the dentary. Morphological and osteohistological features indicate that all recovered individuals represent late juveniles or sub-adults. This site shows the first direct evidence of sympatry in Pterosauria. The two distinct flying reptiles coexisted with a theropod dinosaur, providing a rare glimpse of a paleobiological community from a Cretaceous desert.

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Kellner, A. W. A., Weinschütz, L. C., Holgado, B., Bantim, R. A. M., & Sayão, J. M. (2019). A new toothless pterosaur (Pterodactyloidea) from southern Brazil with insights into the paleoecology of a cretaceous desert. Anais Da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 91. https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920190768

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