Synergistic effect between cryptotanshinone and antibiotics against clinic methicillin and vancomycin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

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Abstract

Cryptotanshinone (CT), a major tanshinone of medicinal plant Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge, demonstrated strong antibacterial activity against clinic isolated methicillin and vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA and VRSA) in this experiment. The CT was determined against clinic isolated MRSA 1-16 with MIC and MBC values ranging from 4 to 32 and 8 to 128 g/mL; for MSSA 1-2 from 16 to 32 g/mL and 64 to 128 g/mL; for VRSA 1-2 from 2 to 4 g/mL and 4 to 16 g/mL, respectively. The range of MICand MICof CT was 0.5-8 g/mL and 4-64 g/mL, respectively. The combination effects of CT with antibiotics were synergistic (FIC index < 0.5) against most of tested clinic isolated MRSA, MSSA, and VRSA except additive, MRSA 4 and 16 in oxacillin, MRSA 6, 12, and 15 in ampicillin, and MRSA 6, 11, and 15 in vancomycin (FIC index < 0.75-1.0). Furthermore, a time-kill study showed that the growth of the tested bacteria was completely attenuated after 2-6 h of treatment with the 1/2 MIC of CT, regardless of whether it was administered alone or with ampicillin, oxacillin, or vancomycin. The results suggest that CT could be employed as a natural antibacterial agent against multidrug-resistant pathogens infection. © 2014 Jeong-Dan Cha et al.

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Cha, J. D., Lee, J. H., Choi, K. M., Choi, S. M., & Park, J. H. (2014). Synergistic effect between cryptotanshinone and antibiotics against clinic methicillin and vancomycin-resistant staphylococcus aureus. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/450572

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