Traditionally, in the United Kingdom and Europe the surgeon was generally not troubled by litigation from patients presenting as elective as well as emergency cases, but this aspect of custom has changed. Litigation by patients now significantly affects surgical practice and vicarious liability often affects hospitals. We discuss some fundamental legal definitions, a must to know for a surgeon, and highlight some interesting cases. © 2011 Jerjes et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Jerjes, W., Mahil, J., & Upile, T. (2011). English law for the surgeon I: Consent, capacity and Competence. Head and Neck Oncology. https://doi.org/10.1186/1758-3284-3-41