A seven-gene prognostic signature predicts overall survival of patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD)

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Abstract

Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is one of the most common types in the world with a high mortality rate. Despite advances in treatment strategies, the overall survival (OS) remains short. Our study aims to establish a reliable prognostic signature closely related to the survival of LUAD patients that can better predict prognosis and possibly help with individual monitoring of LUAD patients. Methods: Raw RNA-sequencing data were obtained from Fudan University and used as a training group. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for the training group were screened. The univariate, least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), and multivariate cox regression analysis were conducted to identify the candidate prognostic genes and construct the risk score model. Kaplan–Meier analysis, time-dependent receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to evaluate the prognostic power and performance of the signature. Moreover, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA-LUAD) dataset was further used to validate the predictive ability of prognostic signature. Results: A prognostic signature consisting of seven prognostic-related genes was constructed using the training group. The 7-gene prognostic signature significantly grouped patients in high and low-risk groups in terms of overall survival in the training cohort [hazard ratio, HR = 8.94, 95% confidence interval (95% CI)] [2.041–39.2]; P = 0.0004), and in the validation cohort (HR = 2.41, 95% CI [1.779–3.276]; P < 0.0001). Cox regression analysis (univariate and multivariate) demonstrated that the seven-gene signature is an independent prognostic biomarker for predicting the survival of LUAD patients. ROC curves revealed that the 7-gene prognostic signature achieved a good performance in training and validation groups (AUC = 0.91, AUC = 0.7 respectively) in predicting OS for LUAD patients. Furthermore, the stratified analysis of the signature showed another classification to predict the prognosis. Conclusion: Our study suggested a new and reliable prognostic signature that has a significant implication in predicting overall survival for LUAD patients and may help with early diagnosis and making effective clinical decisions regarding potential individual treatment.

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Al-Dherasi, A., Huang, Q. T., Liao, Y., Al-Mosaib, S., Hua, R., Wang, Y., … Liu, Q. (2021). A seven-gene prognostic signature predicts overall survival of patients with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Cancer Cell International, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12935-021-01975-z

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