End-organ saturations correlate with aortic blood flow estimates by echocardiography in the extremely premature newborn – an observational cohort study

1Citations
Citations of this article
8Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

This article is free to access.

Abstract

Background: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) measures of cerebral saturation (Csat) and renal saturation (Rsat) in extreme premature newborns may be affected by systemic blood flow fluctuations. Despite increasing clinical use of NIRS to monitor tissue saturation in the premature infant, validation of NIRS measures as a correlate of blood flow is still needed. We compared echocardiography (ECHO) derived markers of ascending aorta (AscAo) and descending aorta (DesAo) blood flow with NIRS measurements obtained during the ECHO. Methods: Newborns < 29 weeks’ gestation (2013–2017) underwent routine NIRS monitoring. Csat, Rsat and systemic saturation at the time of ECHO were retrospectively analyzed and compared with Doppler markers of aortic flow. Renal and cerebral fractional tissue oxygen extraction (rFTOE and cFTOE, respectively) were calculated. Mixed effects models evaluated the association between NIRS and Doppler markers. Results: Forty-nine neonates with 75 Csat-ECHO and 62 Rsat-ECHO observations were studied. Mean post-menstrual age was 28.3 ± 3.8 weeks during the ECHO. Preductal measures including AscAo velocity time integral (VTI) and AscAo output were correlated with Csat or cFTOE, while postductal measures including DesAo VTI, DesAo peak systolic velocity, and estimated DesAo output were more closely correlated with Rsat or rFTOE. Conclusions: NIRS measures are associated with aortic blood flow measurements by ECHO in the extremely premature population. NIRS is a tool to consider when following end organ perfusion in the preterm infant.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Altit, G., Bhombal, S., & Chock, V. Y. (2021). End-organ saturations correlate with aortic blood flow estimates by echocardiography in the extremely premature newborn – an observational cohort study. BMC Pediatrics, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-021-02790-1

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free