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Pelvic surgery can affect ovarian reserve, but estimates of the potential effect of different surgical procedures are lacking. This study examines the markers of ovarian reserve after different procedures in order to help the provision of informed consent before surgery. Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), antral follicle count (AFC) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) of women with a history of salpingectomy, ovarian cystectomy or unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy were compared to those without history of surgery using cross-sectional data adjusting for patient and clinical factors in multivariable regression model. There were 138 women who had had salpingectomy, 36 unilateral salpingo-oopherectomy, 41 cystectomy for ovarian cysts that are other than endometrioma and 40 women had had excision of endometrioma. There was no significant difference in AMH (9 %; p = 0.33), AFC (−2 %; p = 0.59) or FSH (−14 %; p = 0.21) in women with a history of salpingectomy compared to women without surgery. Women with a history of unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy were found to have significantly lower AMH (−54 %; p = 0.001). These women also had lower AFC (−28 %; p = 0.34) and higher FSH (14 %; p = 0.06), the effect of which did not reach statistical significance. The study did not find any significant associations between a history of cystectomy, for disease other than endometrioma and AMH (7 %; p = 0.62), AFC (13 %; p = 0.18) or FSH. (11 %; p = 0.16). Women with a history of cystectomy for ovarian endometrioma had 66 % lower AMH (p = 0.002). Surgery for endometrioma did not significantly affect AFC (14 %; p = 0.22) or FSH (10 %; p = 0.28). Salpingo-oopherectomy and cystectomy for endometrioma cause a significant reduction in AMH levels. Neither salpingectomy nor cystectomy for cysts other than endometrioma has appreciable effects on ovarian reserve.
Rustamov, O., Krishnan, M., Roberts, S. A., & Fitzgerald, C. T. (2016). Effect of salpingectomy, ovarian cystectomy and unilateral salpingo-oopherectomy on ovarian reserve. Gynecological Surgery, 13(3), 173–178. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10397-016-0940-x