Effect of neonatal exposure to poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(lactic acid) nanoparticles on oxidative state in infantile and adult female rats

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Abstract

Our goal was to evaluate the potential health risk of the polymeric NP, poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(lactic acid) (PEG-b-PLA), from the view of redox imbalance of the organism in two different life stages. Female Wistar rats were neonatally administered intraperitoneally with PEG-b-PLA NPs [20 mg/kg of b.w. (PEG20) or 40 (PEG40) mg/kg of b.w.] from postnatal day 4 (PND4) to PND7. We measured antioxidant capacity (TEAC), level of protein carbonyls and lipoperoxides in plasma, activities of catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in hemolysates of infantile (sacrificed on PND17) and adult (sacrificed after PND176) rats. Compared to controls, neonatal PEG40 exposure induced a significant TEAC reduction in the infantile rats. Protein carbonyls and lipoperoxide levels were not affected after any dose of PEG-b-PLA NP administration. In adult rats, PEG20 administration caused a significant decrease of protein carbonyl levels compared to controls. In infantile rats, both doses of PEG-b-PLA NP administration increased catalase, Gpx, and SOD activities compared to controls. Surprisingly, in adult rats, the activities of Gpx and SOD decreased significantly after administration of both doses of PEG-b-PLA NPs. Obtained data indicate a possible age-related association between the oxidative status and neonatal PEG-b-PLA NP administration in female rats.

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Dvořáková, M., Rollerová, E., Scsuková, S., Mlynarčíková, A. B., Laubertová, L., & Žitňanová, I. (2017). Effect of neonatal exposure to poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(lactic acid) nanoparticles on oxidative state in infantile and adult female rats. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/7430435

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