Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary tumor of the liver worldwide. The incidence of HCC is increasing in North America secondary to rises in chronic liver disease from alcohol abuse and viral hepatitis. HCC most commonly metastasizes hematogenously or through lymphatics to the lungs and regional lymph nodes. Involvement of small bowel is rare and typically results from direct invasion and extension. We examined the molecular features related to this extremely rare case of isolated duodenal metastasis of HCC and noted p53 and Ki-67 positive staining. Here, we review the possible molecular and immunohistochemical studies that may aid definitive diagnosis and the evidence for the management of metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma. © 2009 Roka et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Chung, C., Ali, J. A., Owen, D. A., Weiss, A. A., Yoshida, E. M., & Tai, I. T. (2009). A rare case of isolated duodenal metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma associated with p53 and ki-67 expression: A case report. Cases Journal, 2(12). https://doi.org/10.1186/1757-1626-2-9344