Extracorporeal photopheresis versus standard treatment for acute graft-versus-host disease after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children and adolescents

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Abstract

Background: Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), occurring in 8% to 85% of paediatric recipients. Currently, the therapeutic mainstay for aGvHD is treatment with corticosteroids. However, there is no established standard treatment for steroid-refractory aGvHD. Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is a type of immunomodulatory method amongst different therapeutic options that involves ex vivo collection of peripheral mononuclear cells, exposure to the photoactive agent 8-methoxypsoralen and ultraviolet-A radiation, and reinfusion of these treated blood cells to the patient. The mechanisms of action of ECP are not completely understood. This is the second update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2014 and updated in 2015. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ECP for the management of aGvHD in children and adolescents after HSCT. Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE (PubMed) and Embase (Ovid) databases from their inception to 25 January 2021. We searched the reference lists of potentially relevant studies without any language restrictions. We searched five conference proceedings and nine clinical trial registries on 9 November 2020 and 12 November 2020, respectively. Selection criteria: We sought to include randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ECP with or without standard treatment versus standard treatment alone in children and adolescents with aGvHD after HSCT. Data collection and analysis: Two review authors independently performed the study selection. We resolved disagreement in the selection of trials by consultation with a third review author. Main results: We identified no additional studies in the 2021 review update, so there are still no studies that meet the criteria for inclusion in this review. Authors' conclusions: The efficacy of ECP in the treatment of aGvHD in children and adolescents after HSCT is unknown, and its use should be restricted to within the context of RCTs. Such studies should address a comparison of ECP alone or in combination with standard treatment versus standard treatment alone. The 2021 review update brought about no additions to these conclusions.

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APA

Buder, K., Zirngibl, M., Bapistella, S., Meerpohl, J. J., Strahm, B., Bassler, D., & Weitz, M. (2022, September 27). Extracorporeal photopheresis versus standard treatment for acute graft-versus-host disease after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD009759.pub4

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