The interaction of halide ions (I-, Br-, Cl-) with well-cleaned faceted platinum (nanocube, cuboctahedral) nanoparticles and platinum polycrystalline is investigated in 0.5 M H2SO4 electrolyte. Under electrochemical conditions, the Pt surface gets poisoned with halide ad-atoms and it causes the attenuation of both hydrogen adsorption/desorption in the lower potential region (0.06-0.4 V) and electroxidation of Pt nanoparticles in the higher potential region (0.6-1.2 V). Above certain concentration (5 x 10(-6) M), the strongly adsorbing I- ions mask the H-upd features. On the other hand, Br- and Cl- ions alter the peak features in the H-upd region, those are characteristic of different Pt surface sites. On excursion to higher potentials (similar to> 1.2 V), concurrent halogen evolution, Pt oxidation, and oxygen evolution are observed; the increase in peak intensity in the H-upd region reflects the reconstruction of the Pt surface. To remove the adsorbed halide ions from the Pt surface, an in-situ potentiostatic method is employed, which involves holding the working electrode at similar to 0.03 V in 0.1 M NaOH solution. The cleanliness and retention of surface-structure are confirmed from the voltammograms recorded in the test electrolyte and the recovery of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity after cleaning the Br- ion-contaminated Pt surface supports this conjecture. (C) The Author(s) 2017. Published by ECS. All rights reserved.
Devivaraprasad, R., Kar, T., Leuaa, P., & Neergat, M. (2017). Recovery of Active Surface Sites of Shape-Controlled Platinum Nanoparticles Contaminated with Halide Ions and Its Effect on Surface-Structure. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 164(9), H551–H560. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0171709jes