Integrative approach based on simplex-centroid design, ESI-MS and chemometric analysis for comprehensive characterization of phenolic compounds from Endopleura uchi bark

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Abstract

Endopleura uchi (Huber) Cuatrec. is an Amazonian medicinal plant with restricted distribution to the North Region of Brazil. Its bark is commonly used as natural medicines for the treatment of many diseases. Although widely investigated from the phytochemical viewpoint, the knowledge regarding the phenolic content remains unexplored. In order to access the phenolic composition of E. uchi bark, an integrative approach based on simplex-centroid design, direct infusion electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and chemometric analysis was adopted. In addition, the extracts were evaluated to total phenolic content and antioxidant activity. The multivariate analysis pointed to the ethanol-based extracts as the most representative for phenolic compounds, with 3,5-di-O-galloylquinic acid (2), gallic acid (4), 5-galloylquinic acid (5) and gallocatechin gallate (6) tentatively identified by MS analysis, all described for the first time in E. uchi. Besides, pure ethanol extract presented highest total phenolic content (TPC = 133.61 ± 0.3 mg GAE 100 g-1) and antioxidant activity (half maximal inhibitory concentration, IC50 = 9.32 ± 0.15). The integrative approach proposed to this work provided an effective way to assess the phenolic compounds of E. uchi bark, therefore, improving the knowledge regarding phenolic content in this Amazonian medicinal plant.

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Bastos, L. M., da Silva, F. M. A., de Souza, L. R. S., Sá, I. S. C., Mesquita, R. S. M., de Souza, A. D. L., & Nunomura, R. de C. S. (2020). Integrative approach based on simplex-centroid design, ESI-MS and chemometric analysis for comprehensive characterization of phenolic compounds from Endopleura uchi bark. Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, 31(2), 351–356. https://doi.org/10.21577/0103-5053.20190187

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