Comorbidities and the risk of death among individuals infected by COVID-19 in Espírito Santo, Brazil

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: We investigated the association of self-reported comorbidities with fatality risk among individuals infected with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Espírito Santo State, Brazil. METHODS: We included 212,620 individuals, ≥30 years old. The data were obtained from the COVID-19 panel. Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression model were used. RESULTS: COVID-19-positive individuals presenting with chronic conditions were at a higher risk of fatality than individuals without these comorbidities. Age had a significant effect on these relationships. CONCLUSIONS: Comorbidities were associated with an increased risk of fatality. Middle-aged people (30-59 years) with comorbidities should also be considered as a vulnerable group.

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Martinez, E. Z., Aragon, D. C., Pontes, C. M., Nunes, A. A., Maciel, E. L. N., Jabor, P., & Zandonade, E. (2021). Comorbidities and the risk of death among individuals infected by COVID-19 in Espírito Santo, Brazil. Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 54, e01382021. https://doi.org/10.1590/0037-8682-0138-2021

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