Spatial and temporal variation of the nutrients in the sediment and leaves of two Brazilian mangrove species and their role in the retention of environmental heavy metals

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Abstract

Spatial and temporal variation of the nutrient concentrations in leaves and sediment between the roots of Laguncularia racemosa (L.) Gaertn. f and Rhizophora mangle L. was analyzed in the mangrove forest of the estuary of São Mateus River, Espírito Santo, Brazil. In leaves, the nutrients followed the sequence: N> Ca> K> Mg> S> P> Fe> Mn> Zn> Cu, and there were significant differences between species and sites studied. In general, the levels of K were higher in the dry season compared to the rainy season for both species analyzed while Ca and Cu showed higher concentrations in the rainy season for Laguncularia racemosa. In the sediment, the nutrients followed the sequence: Mg> Ca> Fe> K> Mn> P> Zn> Cu, in general, with lower concentrations at the site where the sediment was sandier. We observed a significant variation of nutrient concentrations in the sediment between the periods analyzed, but the seasonal pattern was not clear for all nutrients. Nutrient concentration profile found in leaves of both plant species was not correlated with concentrations found in the respective sediments. The concentration factor was less than 1.0 for Fe and between 1.0 and 3.7 for Mn, Zn and Cu. These results provide physiological evidences about the relevance of these tree species for the role of mangroves as biogeochemical barriers to the transit of heavy metals.

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Bernini, E., da Silva, M. A. B., do Carmo, T. M. S., & Cuzzuol, G. R. F. (2010). Spatial and temporal variation of the nutrients in the sediment and leaves of two Brazilian mangrove species and their role in the retention of environmental heavy metals. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology, 22(3), 177–187. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1677-04202010000300005

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