Situated opposite the Freshwater Front, Montevideo city with its more than 1.5 million inhabitants encircles Montevideo Bay, where one of the most active and polluted harbors in South America is located. Faecal sterols, trace metals, organochlorine compounds and petroleum derivatives in the sediments of Montevideo Harbor were evaluated and their spatial distribution inside the harbor as well as in the input of two main tributary streams analyzed. Specifically for the harbor sites, a temporal comparison of metal and hydrocarbons was made with previous measurements taken 12 years ago. Clear changes were observed at these sites. The concentration of metals such as Pb, Cr and Zn have diminished, while aliphatic hydrocarbons have increased their values at almost all of the stations studied. Differences were observed between summer and winter suggesting sedimentation, input or hydrodynamic changes in the area. These results help one to understand the present situation and develop the management measures needed to improve the environmental quality of the harbor and bay.
Muniz, P., Venturini, N., Martins, C. C., Munshi, A. B., García-Rodríguez, F., Brugnoli, E., … García-Alonso, J. (2015). Integrated assessment of contaminants and monitoring of an urbanized temperate harbor (Montevideo, Uruguay): A 12-year comparison. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 63(3), 311–330. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592015088506303