Introduction: Heparin-binding protein (HBP) is an antimicrobial protein stored in neutrophil granules and plays a role in endothelial permeability regulation. The aim was to assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of measuring HBP in patients with acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).Methods: Plasma HBP was collected from 78 patients with ALI/ARDS, 28 patients with cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE) and 20 healthy volunteers at enrollment. Levels of HBP were measured by ELISA.Results: Patients with ALI/ARDS had significantly higher median levels of HBP compared with patients with CPE (17.15 (11.95 to 24.07) ng/ml vs. 9.50 (7.98 to 12.18) ng/ml, P <0.001) at enrollment. There was no significant difference between CPE patients and healthy subjects in terms of HBP value (P = 0.372). The HBP levels of nonsurvivors was significantly higher than that of survivors (23.90 (14.81 to 32.45) ng/ml vs. 16.01 (10.97 to 21.06) ng/ml, P = 0.012) and multivariate logistic regression showed HBP (odds ratio =1.52, P = 0.034) was the independent predictor for 30-day mortality in patients with ALI/ARDS.Conclusions: Plasma HBP levels of ALI/ARDS patients were significantly higher than that of CPE patients. HBP was a strong prognostic marker for short-term mortality in ALI/ARDS. © 2013 Lin et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Lin, Q., Shen, J., Shen, L., Zhang, Z., & Fu, F. (2013). Increased plasma levels of heparin-binding protein in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Critical Care, 17(4). https://doi.org/10.1186/cc12834