Feasibility and impact of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy after renal transplantation on comorbidities, graft function and quality of life

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this study is to clarify the feasibility and effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) on comorbidities, graft function and quality of life in patients who underwent renal transplantation (RT). Methods: This is a retrospective review of five patients who underwent LSG after RT. Demographic data, anthropometric parameters, the effect on comorbidities, postoperative course, immunosuppressive medications, causes of RT, renal function, the survival of graft, and quality of life after SG in obese patients with a history of RT were assessed using BAROS–Moorhead–Ardelt survey Results: From September 2015 to September 2019, 5 renal transplant patients underwent LSG; three female, and two male. Median body mass index (BMI) decreased from 42.17 kg/m2 (range 36–55) before surgery to 28.16 kg/m2 (range 25–42) after surgery. Improvement in blood pressure, triglyceride, and cholesterol levels was observed, and all cases were able to decrease their medications. Insulin was stopped and replaced with linagliptin in all diabetic patients. Graft function improved, and proteinuria level decreased in all cases. All patients reported to have an excellent quality of life. Conclusion: LSG showed excellent outcomes in this high-risk group of patients regarding comorbidities, graft function and quality of life.

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AlEnazi, N. A., Ahmad, K. S., Elsamahy, I. A., & Essa, M. S. (2021). Feasibility and impact of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy after renal transplantation on comorbidities, graft function and quality of life. BMC Surgery, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12893-021-01138-x

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