Efficacy and safety of bempedoic acid for prevention of cardiovascular events and diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Abstract

Background: Bempedoic acid is an oral, once-daily, first-in-class drug being developed for the treatment of hyperlipidemia. However, evidence of bempedoic acid use for the prevention of cardiovascular events and diabetes is lacking. Thus, we aim to evaluate the benefit and safety of bempedoic acid use for the prevention of cardiovascular events and diabetes. Methods: We searched Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials with no language restriction from inception until March 3, 2020. Pairs of reviewers independently identified randomized controlled trials comparing the use of bempedoic acid with placebo or no treatment for primary prevention of cardiovascular events in statin-intolerant patients with hypercholesterolemia. The primary outcomes were major adverse cardiac events, and percent change in LDL-C. Results: We identified 11 trials including a total of 4391 participants. Bempedoic acid use was associated with a reduction in composite cardiovascular outcome (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.56-0.99; I2 = 0%). Bempedoic acid reduced LDL-C levels (MD - 22.91, 95% CI - 27.35 to - 18.47; I2 = 99%), and similarly reduced CRP levels (MD -24.70, 95% CI - 32.10 to - 17.30; I2 = 53%). Bempedoic acid was associated with a reduction in rates of new-onset or worsening diabetes (RR 0.65, 95% CI 0.44-0.96; I2 = 23%). Conclusions: Bempedoic acid in patients with hypercholesterolemia was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events and diabetes.

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Wang, X., Zhang, Y., Tan, H., Wang, P., Zha, X., Chong, W., … Fang, F. (2020, August 12). Efficacy and safety of bempedoic acid for prevention of cardiovascular events and diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Cardiovascular Diabetology. BioMed Central Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12933-020-01101-9

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