Clarification of the identity of the tea green leafhopper based on morphological comparison between Chinese and Japanese specimens

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Abstract

Tea green leafhopper is one of the most dominant pests in major tea production regions of East Asia. This species has been variously identified as Empoasca vitis (Goëthe), Jacobiasca formosana (Paoli) and Empoasca onukii Matsuda in Mainland China, Taiwan and Japan, respectively. Recent study of DNA sequence data suggested that treatment of this pest as different species in these three adjacent regions is incorrect and that they were a single species; but the correct scientific name for the species has remained unclear. Consistent with the prior molecular evidence, morphological study shows that the male genital characters of Chinese specimens are the same as those of specimens from Japan, so the correct scientific name of tea green leafhopper in China is Empoasca (Matsumurasca) onukii Matsuda.

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Qin, D., Zhang, L., Xiao, Q., Dietrich, C., Matsumura, M., & Zhu, C. D. (2015). Clarification of the identity of the tea green leafhopper based on morphological comparison between Chinese and Japanese specimens. PLoS ONE, 10(9). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139202

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