Antenatal depression among women with gestational diabetes mellitus: a pilot study

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Abstract

Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is quite prevalent in low- and middle-income countries, and has been proposed to increase the risk of depression. There is only a prior study assessing antenatal depression among the subjects with GDM in the Bangladesh, which leads this study to be investigated. Objective: To determine the prevalence of depressive symptoms and potential associations among pregnant women diagnosed with GDM. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 105 pregnant women diagnosed with GDM over the period of January to December 2017 in 4- hospitals located in two different cities (Dhaka and Barisal). A semi-structured questionnaire was developed consisting of items related to socio-demographics, reproductive health history, diabetes, anthropometrics, and depression. Results: Mild to severe antenatal depression was present in 36.2% of the subjects (i.e., 14.3%, 19% and 2.9% for mild, moderate and severe depression, respectively). None of the socio-demographic factors were associated with depression, but the history of reproductive health-related issues (i.e., abortion, neonatal death) and uncontrolled glycemic status were associated with the increased risk of depressive disorders. Conclusions: GDM is associated with a high prevalence of depressive symptoms, which is enhanced by poor diabetes control. Thus, in women presenting with GDM, screening for depression should be pursued and treated as needed.

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Tasnim, S., Auny, F. M., Hassan, Y., Yesmin, R., Ara, I., Mohiuddin, M. S., … Mamun, M. A. (2022). Antenatal depression among women with gestational diabetes mellitus: a pilot study. Reproductive Health, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12978-022-01374-1

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