Purpose: To provide a large reference material on aerobic fitness and exercise physiology data in a healthy population of Norwegian men and women aged 20-90 years. Methods: Maximal and sub maximal levels of VO2, heart rate, oxygen pulse, and rating of perceived exertion (Borg scale: 6-20) were measured in 1929 men and 1881 women during treadmill running. Results: The highest VO2max and maximal heart rate among men and women were observed in the youngest age group (20-29 years) and was 54.4±8.4 mL·kg-1·min-1 and 43.0±7.7 mL·kg-1·min-1 (sex differences, p<0.001) and 196±10 beats·min-1 and 194±9 beats·min-1 (sex differences, p<0.05), respectively, with a subsequent reduction of approximately 3.5 mL·kg-1·min-1 and 6 beats·min-1 per decade. The highest oxygen pulses were observed in the 3 youngest age groups (20-29 years, 30-39 years, 40-49 years) among men and women; 22.3 mL·beat-1±3.6 and 14.7 mL·beat-1±2.7 (sex differences, p<0.001), respectively, with no significant difference between these age groups. After the age of 50 we observed an 8% reduction per decade among both sexes. Borg scores appear to give a good estimate of the relative exercise intensity, although observing a slightly different relationship than reported in previous reference material from small populations. Conclusion: This is the largest European reference material of objectively measured parameters of aerobic fitness and exercise-physiology in healthy men and women aged 20-90 years, forming the basis for an easily accessible, valid and understandable tool for improved training prescription in healthy men and women. © 2013 Loe et al.
Loe, H., Rognmo, Ø., Saltin, B., & Wisløff, U. (2013). Aerobic Capacity Reference Data in 3816 Healthy Men and Women 20-90 Years. PLoS ONE, 8(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0064319