Low-temperature reverse microemulsion synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic performance of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide

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Abstract

Nanocrystalline titanium dioxide (TiO 2) was synthesized in microemulsions by using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as surfactant. In order to investigate the crystal transformation and photoactivity at low temperature, the as-prepared precipitates were aged at 65°C or calcined at various temperatures. Analyses using powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared microscopy (FT-IR) showed that precursors without aging or calcination were noncrystal and adsorbed by surfactant. After aging for 6h, the amorphous TiO 2 began to change into anatase. The obtained catalysts, which were synthesized in microemulsions with weight ratios of n-hexanol/CTAB/water as 6:3:1 and calcined at 500°C, presented the highest photocatalytic degradation rate on methyl orange (MO), while the catalysts, which were aged at 65°C for 90h, also exhibited an outstanding photocatalytic performance and a little higher than that of the commercial titania photocatalyst Degussa P25. Copyright © 2012 Zhang Liu et al.

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Liu, Z., Jian, Z., Fang, J., Xu, X., Zhu, X., & Wu, S. (2012). Low-temperature reverse microemulsion synthesis, characterization, and photocatalytic performance of nanocrystalline titanium dioxide. International Journal of Photoenergy, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1155/2012/702503

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