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Many microbial agents have been implicated as contributors to cancer genesis and development, and the search to identify and characterize new cancer-related organisms is ongoing. Modern developments in methodologies, especially culture-independent approaches, have accelerated and driven this research. Recent work has shed light on the multifaceted role that the community of organisms in and on the human body plays in cancer onset, development, detection, treatment, and outcome. Much remains to be discovered, however, as methodological variation and functional testing of statistical correlations need to be addressed for the field to advance.
Manzoor, S. S., Doedens, A., & Burns, M. B. (2020, June 2). The promise and challenge of cancer microbiome research. Genome Biology. BioMed Central. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-020-02037-9