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Background: Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) is a common serious hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related disease and has a poor prognosis. Until recently, initial combination antiviral treatment in ACLF patients was rarely reported. This study evaluated the effect of initial combination treatment with lamivudine and adefovir dipivoxil on the prognosis of HBV-related ACLF. Methods: In this retrospective study, 131 eligible ACLF patients, including 61 treated with 100 mg lamivudine and 10 mg adefovir dipivoxil daily and 70 not treated with any nucleoside analogs (NAs), were selected and assigned into the NA and non-NA groups. All the patients received standard medicinal therapy. At weeks 0-4 and 12, serum markers for hepatic and renal functions were measured in all patients and accumulated fatality rates were calculated. Statistical analyses, including Student's t test, χ2 test and unconditional logistic regression analysis, were performed using SPSS version 17.0 software. Results: Clinical data indicated that improvement of hepatic function was better in the NA than in the non-NA group. The accumulated fatality rate in the NA group was lower than in the non-NA group at weeks 2-4 and 12, and these differences were significant. Univariate analysis showed that age, prothrombin activity, model of end-stage liver disease (MELD) score, and treatment without NAs were risk factors for short-term survival of ACLF. Further research by unconditional logistic regression analysis identified that older age, high MELD score and treatment without NAs were independent risk factors for short-term survival of ACLF. Conclusions: Initial combination antiviral treatment is effective in decreasing short-term fatality of HBV-related ACLF.
Yang, J., Chen, G., Chen, X., Zhang, H., Jiang, D., & Yang, G. (2015). Initial combination anti-viral therapy with lamivudine and adefovir dipivoxil decreases short-term fatality rate of hepatitis-B-virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure. Virology Journal, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12985-015-0323-3