Journal of Nonlinear Science (2023) 33(5)

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The Kawahara equation is a weakly nonlinear longwave model of dispersive waves that emerges when leading, third order, dispersive effects are in balance with the next, fifth-order correction. Traveling wave solutions of the Kawahara equation satisfy a fourth-order ordinary differential equation in which the traveling wave speed is a parameter. The fourth-order equation has Hamiltonian structure and admits a two-parameter family of single-phase periodic solutions with varying speed and Hamiltonian. A set of jump conditions is derived for pairs of distinct periodic solutions with equal speed and Hamiltonian. These are necessary conditions for the existence of traveling waves that asymptote to the periodic orbits at ± ∞ . Bifurcation theory and parameter continuation are used to construct multiple solution branches of the jump conditions. For example pairs of compatible periodic solutions, the heteroclinic orbit representing the traveling wave is constructed from the intersection of stable and unstable manifolds of the periodic orbits. Each branch terminates at an equilibrium-to-periodic solution in which the equilibrium is the background for a solitary wave that connects to the associated periodic solution.

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APA

Sprenger, P., Bridges, T. J., & Shearer, M. (2023). Traveling Wave Solutions of the Kawahara Equation Joining Distinct Periodic Waves. *Journal of Nonlinear Science*, *33*(5). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00332-023-09922-0

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