Background & aims: This participant-blinded parallel-group randomized placebo-controlled study demonstrated that alfacalcidol (vitamin D analogue) preserves beta cell function in newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes (T1DM) in children. Methods: Subjects from outpatient clinic were randomized to intervention and control groups. Inclusion: (1) age 8-15, (2) T1DM, (3) duration <8 weeks, (4) no chronic diseases, (5) stable diet. Exclusion: (1) vitamin D, calcium supplements or fortified foods, (2) hypercalcemia. Intervention group received alfacalcidol 0.25. μg twice daily, while control group received placebo. Insulin given physician-titrated to blood glucose. Safety monitored by serum calcium and phosphate. Beta cell function assessed at 0, 3, 6 months using fasting C-peptide (FCP) and daily insulin dosage per body weight (DID). Primary outcome measured using multivariate repeated measures GLM-ANOVA, with FCP and DID as primary measures and age, gender, sunlight exposure, 25-hydroxy vitamin D, and HbA1c as covariates. Results: Of 61 subjects, 7 dropped out. GLM-ANOVA showed that groups were different (p= 0.019, Eta-squared. = 0.087), with no significant covariates. FCP was higher and DID lower in the intervention group, with males having stronger responses to alfacalcidol (p= 0.001). No adverse effects were observed. Conclusions: The study confirmed that alfacalcidol can safely preserve beta cell function in newly diagnosed T1DM in children, with a stronger effect in males. Clinical Trial Reg. No: IRCT201205159753N1. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism.
Ataie-Jafari, A., Loke, S. C., Rahmat, A. B., Larijani, B., Abbasi, F., Leow, M. K. S., & Yassin, Z. (2013). A randomized placebo-controlled trial of alphacalcidol on the preservation of beta cell function in children with recent onset type 1 diabetes. Clinical Nutrition, 32(6), 911–917. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2013.01.012