Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in children under four months old in Botucatu-SP, Brazil

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Abstract

This study aimed to identify factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding (AME) and the reasons mothers presented to introduce complementary feeding in the first four months of life. A total of 380 mothers (92.2%) of children under four months old vaccinated in a Multi-vaccination Campaign were interviewed. To identify factors associated to AME, univariate and multiple logistic regressions analyses were performed. Thirtyeight percent of the children were on AME; 33.4% consumed cow milk; 29.2% tea; and 22.4% water. The mothers justified introduction of cow milk by factors related to quantity/quality of maternal milk and "necessity" of the child. The use of a pacifier (odds ratio=2.63; CI95%=1.7-4.06) and difficulty to breastfeed (odds ratio=1.57; CI95%=1.02-2.41) were associated with the absence of AME. The populational attributable risk percentage for the use of a pacifier was estimated at 46.8 %. Thus, modifiable risk factors were associated with AME interruption.

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APA

Carvalhaes, M. A. D. B. L., Parada, C. M. G. D. L., & Da Costa, M. P. (2007). Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in children under four months old in Botucatu-SP, Brazil. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem, 15(1), 62–69. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0104-11692007000100010

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