Soil moisture retention (SMR) capacity plays a key role in estimating the direct runoffwhen a multi-pulse storm event occurs. It is very important to know how much SMR will be recovered during the intervals of no rain of a multi-pulse storm. This study developed a new approach for derivation of the SMR recovery curve (R-curve) at sub-daily time-scales using the Curve Number (CN) method. The methodology was applied using complex storm events in the Napa River basin, California. The R-curve is classified into three sections depending on the recovery rate of SMR during the inter-storm interval of no rain (INR), and this study defines the characteristics. The first section of the R-curve (INR 0-21 h with 0.97 mm/h) is described as gradually recovering SMR, since water is being infiltrated and the upper soil layer is not fully saturated. The second section (INR 21-36 h with 2.11 mm/h) is defined as steeply recovering S due to downward drainage (sub-surface/inter flows) and evaporation without infiltration. The third section (INR 36-68 h with 0.34 mm/h) is described as gradually decreasing recovery dependent on evaporation since percolation and drainage have almost stopped.
Kim, J., Johnson, L. E., Cifelli, R., Choi, J., & Chandrasekar, V. (2018). Derivation of soil moisture recovery relation using soil conservation service (SCS) Curve Number method. Water (Switzerland), 10(7). https://doi.org/10.3390/w10070833