Health-related quality of life in Brazilian community-dwelling and institutionalized elderly: Comparison between genders

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Abstract

Objective: To compare the health-related quality of life (HRQL) indicators between institutionalized and community-dwelling elderly men and women. Method: This was a cross-sectional study with a sample of 496 elderly men and women, surveyed by researchers at a private hospital that attends institutionalized and community-dwelling elderly. HRQL (World Health Organization Quality of Life), daily living activities (Katz questionnaire), and instrumental daily living activities (Lawton questionnaire), mini-mental state examination, handgrip strength test, and function capacity (timed up and go test) were obtained. Results: Institutionalized men presented higher scores in physical and psychological domains of HRQL compared to elderly men living alone (p<0.05). Among women, the scores in all domains (physical, psychological, relationship, and environment) were similar between institutionalized and community-dwelling individuals. Conclusion: Institutionalized elderly men reported better scores in physical and psychological domains of HRQL compared to their community-dwelling pairs, while both institutionalized and community-dwelling elderly women presented similar HRQL.

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Cucato, G. G., Ritti-Dias, R. M., Cendoroglo, M. S., De Carvalho, J. M. M., Nasri, F., Costa, M. L. M., … De Mello Franco, F. G. (2016). Health-related quality of life in Brazilian community-dwelling and institutionalized elderly: Comparison between genders. Revista Da Associacao Medica Brasileira, 62(9), 848–852. https://doi.org/10.1590/1806-9282.62.09.848

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