Groups of voluntary or professional artists have been formed in order to visit patients in hospitals around the world, as clowns, using humor as a tool to promote the care and recovery process. There are few studies on this topic in the scientific literature. Thus, construction of a theoretical field that is able to support this activity is only just beginning. Therefore, we conducted a bibliographic review based on 33 papers about different clown groups acting in different hospitals worldwide, in order to better comprehend how these visits take place and how they can effectively achieve good results. It was observed that these encounters can establish deep relationships that are capable of creating new meanings for the hospital environment, empowering patients and serving as a relationship model for all the healthcare staff involved.
Sato, M., Ramos, A., Silva, C. C., Gameiro, G. R., & Scatena, C. M. da C. (2016). Palhaços: Uma revisão acerca do uso dessa máscara no ambiente hospitalarPayasos: Una revisiónsobre el uso de esa máscara en el ambiente hospitalario. Interface: Communication, Health, Education, 20(56), 123–134. https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-57622015.0178